Residents of the Montgomery County Poor House in 1860


The census of the residents of the Montgomery County Poor House in Glen, New York, was filed June 29, 1860. Unlike in the 1850 poor house census, there are fewer residents with early county surnames, and the residents could be categorized primarily as aged, mentally ill, disabled, and single unemployed males. In reading the order of the residents and their government-assigned "afflictions", I got the impression that as census taker P.H. Fonda moved from room to room, floor to floor, or building to building he saw people grouped accordingly in a precursor of the until- recent "modern" warehouse type of institution. I could imagine a room with the blind sitting packed together or a cramped dwelling with people raving. There was basically a 100% turnover in residents from the previous census, with few single mothers, or poor couples, with large families. The virtual absence of children is significant - they may have been "auctioned" to the lowest bidder to care for them or sent to orphanages. Mr. Fonda appears to have made no effort to find out what residents had formerly done for a living. There are also no U.S. born residents noted as being born outside of New York State.

Mr. P.H. Fonda's handwriting and spelling were relatively easy to interpret and I've made a literal transcription, letter for letter. Where I'm fairly sure he spelled a name incorrectly I've put "sp". Where I'm totally in the dark I've noted so with a "?". I would welcome anyone reading the original census rolls to send in corrections or new interpretations. Poor house records are an often underutilized or unknown resource when looking for people who have "disappeared", and valuable as a reflection of social conditions and attitudes.


RESIDENTS OF THE MONTGOMERY COUNTY POOR HOUSE - 1860
NameAgeOccupationPlace of BirthStatus
SCHUYLER, Winslow
59
Keeper County House
New York

SCHUYLER, Catherine
52

New York

SCHUYLER, Renseller (sp)
25
farmer
New York

SCHUYLER, Gordon
22
farmer
New York

LEROY, H.V. (male)
35
pauper
New York
insane; pauper
McCLOUD, H. (male)
40
pauper
New York
pauper
CARY, Arthur
50
pauper
New York
pauper
CRANDALL, H.V. (male)
30
pauper
New York
pauper
HINESMAN, Jacob
55
pauper
New York
pauper
ROBERTS, John C.
40
pauper
England
insane; pauper
SANFORD, James
50
pauper
New York
pauper
HOGG, John
50
pauper
Boveria (sp)
insane; pauper
LEFLER, Alida
36
pauper
New York
pauper
ANGLE, Sophia
35
pauper
New York
pauper
VEDDER, Sarah
70
pauper
New York
cannot read or write; pauper
GILLENS, Margaret
60
pauper
New York
pauper
NEIL, James
30
pauper
New York
idiot; cannot read or write; pauper
SHAY, James
40
pauper
Ireland
insane; pauper; a 25-year-old James Shay was in the poor house in 1850, and not classified as insane
WAGGER, Sarah
70
pauper
New York
cannot read or write; pauper
HOAG, Mahala
60
pauper
New York
idiot; pauper; she was in the 1850 poor house (spelled Nahuley) and classified only as a pauper
MURPHY, Ann
40
pauper
Ireland
cannot read or write; pauper
MURPHY, Marietta
3
pauper
New York
pauper
NAHOFF, Benjamin
75
pauper
New York
pauper
NAHOFF, Thankful
70
pauper
New York
insane; pauper
McDONALD, James
70
pauper
Ireland
cannot read or write; pauper
CARTER, Eli
75
pauper
New York
pauper
MEAD, David
50
pauper
Ireland
blind; cannot read or write; pauper
MEAD, Sarah J.
40
pauper
New York
pauper
STORES, Hugh G.
9
pauper
New York
attended school; pauper
WHITNEY, Angeline
40
pauper
New York
pauper
FARREL (sp), Mary
45
pauper
Ireland
pauper
FARREL, Elisha J.
2
pauper
New York
pauper
McDONNALD, Mathew (sp)
60
pauper
Scotland
pauper
McDONNALD, Josephine
60
pauper
Canada
pauper
HAKER, Bastian
50
pauper
Prussia
pauper
WARREN, Charles
20
pauper
New York
pauper
FARREL (sp) Margaret
12
pauper
New York
attended school; pauper
WILLIAMS, Dennis G.
45
pauper
New York
pauper
FRYER, Isaac B.
60
pauper
New York
pauper
WHEELER, Catherine
62
pauper
New York
pauper
VROMAN, John W.
60
pauper
New York
insane; pauper
KIRK, Henry W.
30
pauper
New York
insane; pauper
HAVENS, Dinah
68
pauper
New York
black; blind; pauper
BEASELY (sp), George
60
pauper
New York
blind; pauper
St. PETER, Peter
75
pauper
Canada
blind; cannot read or write; pauper
ROURK, Thomas
50
pauper
Ireland
blind; cannot read or write; pauper
SMITH, Patrick
28
pauper
Ireland
blind; pauper
DONNELLY, Thomas
52
pauper
Ireland
blind; pauper
WHITNEY, Josiah
65
pauper
New York
blind; pauper
McGRAFFY, Thomas
47
pauper
New York
blind; pauper
McGRAFFY, Charlotte
40
pauper
Ireland
pauper
QUIN (sp), Michel (male)
22
pauper
Ireland
pauper
MULLIN, Margaret
30
pauper
New York
pauper
LEGGET, Anly (female)
75
pauper
New York
black; pauper
WHITE, Anthony
45
pauper
Ireland
pauper
BARREY, Micheal (sp)
20
pauper
Hanover
pauper
HUMBURT, Frederick
55
pauper
New York
pauper
BRADDY, James
55
pauper
New York
pauper
ROSS, Mary
45
pauper
New York
pauper
ROSS, Susan
42
pauper
New York
pauper
STOREY, Mary
55
pauper
Ireland
cannot read or write; pauper
SIXBERRY, Benjamin
92
pauper
New York
blind; pauper; in the 1850 poor house census there was a Benjamin Sixberry, age 66 and idiotic
SIXBERRY, Lany (female)
50
pauper
New York
pauper
SIXBERRY, Adeline
9
pauper
New York
attended school; pauper
TAYLOR, John
60
pauper
Ireland
pauper
AUSBURN, James B.
40
pauper
New York
blind; pauper
LEWIS, Catherine
65
pauper
Ireland
insane; cannot read or write; pauper
TORRY, Eli R.
55
pauper
New York
pauper
DUMP, Jenny
45
pauper
New York
insane; pauper
GREEN, Richard
70
pauper
New York
pauper
RYON (sp), Roger
72
pauper
Ireland
insane; cannot read or write; pauper
CAULKIN, James
45
pauper
New York
pauper
STALY, Samuel
72
pauper
Scotland
pauper
STALY, Ann
70
pauper
Canada
pauper
GOODRICH, Margaret
60
pauper
New York
pauper
PHILLIPS, Margaret
40
pauper
New York
blind; pauper
MUNN, Barney
72
pauper
New York
pauper
DOUGHERTY, Rosa E.
10
pauper
New York
insane; pauper
LEONARDSON, Eliza
45
pauper
New York
pauper
CHAMBERS, John
35
pauper
New York
idiot; pauper
DINGMAN, Hester
73
pauper
New York
insane; pauper
DINGMAN, Mary
40
pauper
New York
pauper
GARLOCK, Elias
84
pauper
New York
pauper
GARLOCK, Elizabeth
80
pauper
New York
insane; pauper
BLESSING, Mary
40
pauper
Canada
pauper
FITZPATRICK, Peirce
71
pauper
Ireland
insane; pauper
CARRHART, Henry
50
pauper
Ireland
pauper
McCADY, Lawrence
58 or 68
pauper
Ireland
insane; pauper
McCADY, Biddy (female)
68
pauper
New York
insane; pauper
ABBY, Eunice
55
pauper
Ireland
cannot read or write; pauper
COLONEL, Jethro
75
pauper
Ireland
cannot read or write; pauper
MYRES (sp), John
60
pauper
Ireland
pauper
SART, Jacob
42
pauper
New York
idiot; pauper
WATSON, William
55
pauper
New York
insane; pauper
DINGMAN, Peter
72
pauper
Ireland
pauper
MAYOR (sp), Abraham W.
40
pauper
Hanover
pauper
CUCK (sp), Peter
62
pauper
Ireland
pauper
JEFFREY, John
9
pauper
New York
pauper



Source: This electronic text was transcribed from original microfilm of the 1860 US census by Martha Magill. Due to the difficulties in transcribing old and stylized handwriting, the original census should be referred to.
Copyright © 1997 Martha Magill


Material may be freely used by non-commercial entities, as long as this full paragraph remains on all copied material. These electronic pages, with commentary and underlying source code, cannot be reproduced in any format for profit or other presentation, nor may this copyrighted original electronic text be used on any other site or CD-ROM.



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Last Updated: 7/1/97
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