The Spafford's 1824 Gazetteer typing project is one of the first of several valuable group projects we have planned for 1998. In 1824 the boundaries of the counties of Herkimer and Montgomery were quite different than they are today. Familiarizing yourself with some of the place names mentioned in the old township profiles can help you better pinpoint the whereabouts of your earliest area ancestors and give you leads as to where to search for records or descendants. The section below, prepared by Tamara Wilkinson, covers Charleston, Florida and Palatine, which are part of the current Montgomery County.


From the 1824 Gazetteer of the State of New York, by Horatio Gates Spafford

CHARLESTON, a large Post-Township in the SE. part of Montgomery County, on the S. side of the Mohawk, 40 miles WNW. from Albany, 10 S. of Johnstown; bounded N. by Johnstown, or the Mohawk River; E. by Florida, or the Schoharie Creek; S. by Schoharie County, W. by Canajoharie. The area is about 100 square miles. The surface is but moderately broken, though somewhat hilly, while the hills admit of cultivation almost without exception. There are many ledges of rocks, especially in the riverhills, but they quarry pretty well, and are useful in building. The soil partakes of a considerable variety, but is principally a clay, or loam, with some tracts of sand and gravel. The Arieskill, a small mill-stream, spreads over the central part, and the Schoharie Creek affords fine sites for mills.

Charleston has 1 turnpike across the centre E. and W., and numerous common roads. Its products are those common to this county, and the township has a large amount of property. An ancient residence of the Mohawk Indians was on both sides, at the mouth of the Schoharie Creek, in this town and Florida; and there are still remaining some of their orchards of apple-trees. This township was first settled by some Dutch families along the Mohawk, prior to the Revolution, and this part is still principally owned by their descendants; while the southern part has many inhabitants from the eastern states. About four-fifths of the land is held in fee; the rest by lease for lives. The domestic manufactures are improving, with its agriculture. There are 2 Presbyterian or Dutch Reformed Churches, 1 for Baptists, and 1 for Methodists, and 19 school-houses. There are 3 Post-Offices, Charleston in the centre, Voorhiesville, in a small Village of that name in the NE. part, and the other at Currie, or Corrytown, a local name for the W. part of the town: 4 grist mills, 14 saw mills, 1 oil mill, 4 fulling mills, 3 carding machines, a nail factory, and 4 asheries: Population, 5365; electors, 905; acres of improved land, 36311; cattle, 5428; horses, 1984; sheep, 11213: yds. cloth made in families, 69450: taxable property, $742183.

FLORIDA, a Canal and Post-Township in the SE. corner of Montgomery County, on the S. shore of Mohawk River, 11 miles SE. of Johnstown, and 35 miles NW. of Albany; bounded N. by the Mohawk, or the town of Amsterdam, SEasterly by Schenectady County, W. by Schoharie Creek, or the town of Charleston; being in the form of an irregular triangle. The soil is principally a strong loam, resting on a stiff clay, and remarkably fine for wheat, of which it has produced great and sure crops in constant succession for about 80 years. The surface is but moderately uneven, and there are no waste or barren lands; the whole being divided into small farms, very few of which exceed 200 acres. The lands are held by right of soil, and well cultivated. Besides the Mohawk, and the Schoharie Creek, on which its longest sides are bounded, the Chuctenunda, a fine mill-stream from Duanesburgh, runs centrally across it to the Mohawk, supplying, in its course in this town, 11 mills.

There are five churches or meetinghouses in this town, 1 of which is of stone, for Episcopalians, built by Queen Anne, of England: This is situated near the mouth of Schoharie Creek. There are 11 school houses, and a library of 600 volumes. In this town was the first residence of Sir Wm. Johnson, on his arrival from Ireland, and here too, on both sides of Schoharie Creek, was a principal town, or castle, of the Mohawk Indians, so long swayed by his cunning and counsels. And near Johnson-Hall, at the mouth of Schoharie Creek, in this town, are also the ruins of Fort Hunter, of considerable importance in the history of the early wars. In the centre of this town is a handsome hamlet, or small village, called Yankee-Street, where is kept the Florida Post-Office, 4 miles S. of the Erie Canal. The first inhabitants were some Dutch families from Schenectady, who settled on the Mohawk flats; and about 1750, 6 families arrived from Germany, and settled on the Schoharie flats; these were bordered by Irish and Scotch; and at the close of the revolutionary war, the interior filled up with Yankees. It is a very rich township, with a population of mixed origin, now pretty well amalgamated, of a composite character. Population, 2743: 569 farmers, 108 mechanics, 8 traders; 4 foreigners not naturalized; 50 slaves; 69 free blacks: electors, 645; 20436 acres of improved land; 3270 cattle, 1239 horses, 5417 sheep: 24163 yards of cloth made in families in 1821: 5 grist mills, 5 saw mills, 2 fulling mills, 2 carding machines, and 1 ashery: taxable property, $413369: school districts, 11; schools kept 9 months in 12; public moneys, $352.97; No. of children between 5 and 15, 807; number taught in schools in 1821, 789.

PALATINE, a Post-Township of Montgomery County, 10 miles W. of Johnstown, and 51 from Albany; bounded N. by Stratford, E. by Johnstown, Southerly by the Mohawk River, W. by Oppenheim, which was erected from the W. part in 1808. It is well watered, and has abundance of fine mill-seats. The largest stream is Garoga creek, which rises in Johnstown, and runs SW. to the Mohawk. The land is very excellent, and almost all under high cultivation. This town was first settled by some German families, in 1724, and though constantly under cultivation ever since that time, its choice lands can hardly be said to have lost any of their original luxuriance of fertility! That part of this town, called Stone-Arabia, can hardly be surpassed in any country. The soil is black grit mold: It is 4 miles from the river, with a gentle acclivity toward the N., and commands an extensive prospect to the S. and Swest. There are 2 churches, a German Lutheran, and a Dutch Reformed. Palatine Village has about 35 dwellings, some stores, &c., and a stone church. It is 55 miles from Albany, and Stone-Arabia 52.

Palatine Bridge P.O., is in a hamlet of the same name, on the bank of the Mohawk, at the N. end of the bridge, between this town and Canajoharie, opposite Canajoharie Village, where are 12 or 15 houses and stores, and considerable business, 5 miles E. of Palatine Village.

Lasselsville P.O., is on the Black River or State road, 12 miles NW. of Johnstown. This town had a small palisade fort, in the Revolutionary war; and in 1780, when Sir John Johnson over-ran this country, a garrison of 200 men. Col. Brown fell here, opposing this savage White Sachem and his murderous horde of Indians and Tories, from Canada. The principal part of the inhabitants are of German origin, hardy, industrious and frugal farmers. In the SE. corner of this town, just above the Nose, the natives had, from a very remote period of their history, a curious kind of Indian corn-mill, from which circumstance the little stream, now called Bread Creek, has its name. The mill consisted of a circular hole in a rock, shaped much like a dinner pot, into which was fitted a large stone, rounded below, the agitation of which ground their corn. They called the place Can-agh-da-rox, bread creek, and when the Europeans came to their country, at an early period, the Mohawks had a grist mill erected upon it. The Dachsteders, of this quarter, have derived their name from a curious form of speech: Dachsteder, or steter, Roof-stander, tall as a man on the roof, in the eyes of a Dutchman. In the records of Tryon, now Montgomery County, of 1778, this name is written Daghsteter. Population, 3936: 751 farmers, 213 mechanics, 11 traders, or "persons engaged in commerce;" 19 foreigners not naturalized: 72 slaves; 111 free blacks: taxable property, $502460: school districts, 17; schools kept 10 months in 12; public monies received in 1821, $531.51; No. of children between 5 and 15, 1018; No. taught that year, 726: electors, 698; 21270 acres of improved land; 3534 cattle, 1484 horses, 5766 sheep: 20120 yards of cloth; 9 grist mills, 34 saw mills, 4 oil mills, 5 fulling mills, 1 carding machine, 1 iron works, 1 ashery.

This latest group of early Montgomery County profiles was typed by Tamara Wilkinson, who has prepared other items for the Herkimer/Montgomery Counties GenWeb, most recently our profile of Sir William Johnson. Her original query dated Sept. 30, 1997:

DEWANDELAER: Does anyone have info on this unusual surname? My great grandfather, John Adams DeWandelaer, was born in the early 1830's in Palatine (Stone Arabia.) His father was Gansevoort DeWandelaer (b. 1797? in Palatine or Tribes Hill.) And his mother was Delia GETMAN (b 5 July 1807). Gansevoort and Delia were married 28 Feb 1826. I believe Delia's parents were John Adam GETTMAN and Maria ___. John Adams DeWandelaer had one brother, James Gansevoort DeWandelaer, (b. 11 Nov 1835 in Palatine, d. 7 Dec 1901, m. Anna LAWYER?) and one sister, Georgiana P. DeWandelaer (b. 1837, d. 15 Oct 1911 in Palatine). John Adams DeWandelaer first married Nancy Catherine COPPERNOLL (b. 8 Nov 1838). I believe John A. and Nancy C. DeWandelaer had the following children:

I am trying to verify all of this but need help! Will gladly share what info I have. Tamara Wilkinson (

Tamara has been having good luck on our site since posting on our queries board and having her info mentioned on other items she's typed - "By the way, I've had another response to my "DeWandelaer" query! I was very excited to get more info on one of my grandmother's half-sisters!! "

More 1824 Gazetteer sections will be posted as they come back typed and are then coded.

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Last Updated: 2/22/98
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